Kidneys are two bean-shaped organs placed in the right and left of the human body. Most people are born with two kidneys, which is situated below the rib cage and behind the abdominal organs. These organs filter waste products from the blood, regulate blood pressure accurately, maintain electrolyte balance and production of red cells in the human body. Kidneys filter around 45 gallons of blood each and every day. When your kidney loses its ability to filter the blood, the serious amount of fluid and waste rises in your body which can raise your blood pressure and cause kidney failure. Kidney failure can be treated with either dialysis or a kidney transplant. The kidney transplant is a surgical process, surgeons according to the patient’s age and health condition chooses the method of surgery to be performed.
Kidney Failure and Symptoms:
When kidneys fail and reach to the end-stage renal disease, it means they have stopped working well and the only option to survive is with dialysis or a kidney transplant in India
. The last stage of chronic kidney disease (kidney failure) is caused due to numerous factors and have the following symptoms:
- Abdominal (belly) pain
- Ammonia breathe or a metallic taste in the mouth
- Back pain
- Difficulty in concentrating
Kidney Disease Diagnosis:
The doctor and specialists conduct checking for signs of problems related to your heart or blood vessel. A neurological and physical exam is also performed. Kidney diagnosis may also need several tests and procedures such as:
- Blood tests – The prominent test for kidney disease is a blood test. It is used to check out how well your kidney works. The test looks for the number of waste products, such as creatinine and urea in your blood.
- Urine tests – Urine test are usually taken into account to check the level of substances known as albumin and creatinine in your urine. It identifies the cause of kidney failure and checks for blood or protein in your urine.
- Imaging tests – An ultrasound scan may be used by your doctor to check the kidney’s size, structure. It is also used to monitor if there are any blockages in the kidney.
- Kidney biopsy – A small sample of kidney tissue is removed for testing. With the use of long, thin needle the tissue is removed and examined under a microscope to check any signs of damage.
Kidney Transplantation in India:
India is one of the most competitive nephrology treatment destinations for patients all over the world. The surgeons cater the operations with utmost care and dexterity, which gives the global patients relief and the best results. The cost of the kidney transplant is really low when you compare it with other countries. It can range anywhere from Rs 2lakhs to Rs 3lakhs. The healthy kidney which is placed in the human body may come from a living donor (a person who is closed to the patient, it can be relatable or unrelatable) or a deceased donor (a person who is dead or whose brain death has been declared).
I am Pooja Sharma and I am a content writer. I have a good experience in health articles, after completing my study, I started my career as a blogger and as a writer.